Eating disorders often are long-term illnesses that may require long-term treatment. Read More ›
Eating disorders often are long-term illnesses that may require long-term treatment. In addition, eating disorders frequently occur with other mental disorders such as depression, substance abuse, and anxiety disorders (NIMH, 2002). The earlier these disorders are diagnosed and treated, the better the chances are for full recovery.
Types of Eating Disorders
Anorexia nervosa People who have anorexia develop unusual eating habits such as avoiding food and meals, weighing their food, and counting the calories of everything they eat. They may exercise excessively.
Signs that someone may have anorexia include:
Bulimia nervosa People who have bulimia eat an excessive amount of food in a single episode and almost immediately make themselves vomit or use laxatives or diuretics (water pills) to get rid of the food in their bodies. This behavior often is referred to as the "binge/purge" cycle.
Signs that someone may have bulimia include:
Binge-eating disorder People with this recently recognized disorder have frequent episodes of compulsive overeating. During these food binges, they often eat alone and very quickly, regardless of whether they feel hungry or full.
Signs that someone may have binge-eating disorder include:
Treatment for Eating Disorders
The first step in any eating disorder treatment is to restore a healthy weight for his or her height and age group. To treat the mental portion of anorexia and bulimia, psycho, behavioral, and family therapy are recommended to restore a healthy lifestyle and mindset. Effective treatment for binge eating disorder is still being researched.