CT Clearinghouse

Substance Abuse

Substance abuse is an alcohol and drug use disorders —which include misuse, dependence, or addiction to alcohol and/or legal or illegal drugs—remain a major public health problem in the United States. The estimated cost of alcohol and drug use in the United States is more than $600 billion, and includes productivity, health, and crime-related costs.

Research & Statistics

  • ADAI Bibliographies on Substance Abuse The Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute (ADAI) Library at the University of Washington provides a list of bibliographies on substance abuse. The bibliographies include citations to journal articles, books, book chapters, and miscellaneous reports and unpublished documents.
  • Core Institute (Core Surveys) The Core Alcohol and Drug Survey assess the nature, scope, and consequences of alcohol and other drug use on college campuses.
  • Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Studies (DATOS) The DATOS project was a collaborative national research program for evaluating the effectiveness of community-based drug treatment in the United States. Data is from the 1990's.
  • Hospitalization Statistics - CT Department of Public HealthThis site includes summary data & tables for causes of hospitalization, by age grouping & gender. Includes mental disorders.
  • Information on Drugs and Alcohol (IDA)

    The Information about Drugs and Alcohol (IDA) collection provides access to over 100,000, bibliographic abstracts and full text articles and reports which focus on drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, as well as mental health, social marketing and health communication issues.

  • National Survey on Drug Use & Health (NSDUH)The National Survey on Drug Use & Health, formerly called the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, provides national estimates of use, number of users, and other measures related to use of illicit drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, and other forms of tobacco by population, ages 12 years and older.
  • NIDA Information for Researchers

    Links to various NIDA publications, including research reports, Addiction Science & Clinical Practice journal, NIDA Notes, and more.

  • NIDA Notes This publication covers drug abuse research in the areas of treatment and prevention, epidemiology, neuroscience, behavioral science, health services, and AIDS. The publication reports on research; identifies resources; and promotes communication among clinicians, researchers, administrators, policymakers, and the public.
  • Prevention Research CenterIncludes links to research publications, presentations, news, and more.
  • PubMedPubMed comprises more than 20 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
  • SAMHSA DataThis index links to reports on topics related to substance use and mental health.
  • Selected Papers of William L. White The collected papers of William White, author and historian in field of addiction treatment and recovery. The site includes the full text of 200 plus articles, 5 monographs, over 30 recovery tools, 9 book chapters, 3 books, and links to additional books written by White and co-authors over the past forty years. Most documents can be freely downloaded.
  • The Connecticut School Health Surveyhe Connecticut School Health Survey (CSHS) is comprised of the Youth Tobacco Component (YTC) (PDF) and the Youth Behavior Component (YBC) (PDF). These two school surveys have been co-administered since 2005. The YTC is a school-based survey of students in grades 6 - 12, with randomly chosen classrooms within selected schools, and is anonymous and confidential. The YBC is also a school-based survey of students, but only of high-school grades 9 - 12 and it, too, is anonymous and confidential.
  • The National Center on Addiction and Substance AbuseThis national organization publishes research reports, surveys, and other literature relating to substance abuse.
  • The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Research Reports NIDA provides research reports on findings of national interest for the educated lay public, legislators, educational groups, and practitioners.
  • The Researched Abuse, Diversion and Addiction-Related Surveillance (RADARS®) System

    The Researched Abuse, Diversion and Addiction-Related Surveillance (RADARS®) System is a prescription drug abuse, misuse and diversion surveillance system that collects timely product-and geographically-specific data.

  • The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)

    YRBSS monitors health risk behaviors in youth that contribute to leading causes of death, disability and social problems. Monitored behaviors include: tobacco use, diet, physical activity, alcohol and drug use, sexual behavior, and behaviors that contribute to unintentional injury or violence.

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Alcohol and drug use disorders —which include misuse, dependence, or addiction to alcohol and/or legal or illegal drugs—remain a major public health problem in the United States. The estimated cost of alcohol and drug use in the United States is more than $600 billion, and includes productivity, health, and crime-related costs.

How Common Are Alcohol and Drug Use Disorders?

More than 9 percent of the total population age 12 or older met the criteria for substance dependence or abuse in 2002.

An estimated 19.5 million Americans (8.3 percent of the population age 12 or older) were current users of illicit drugs in 2002, meaning they had used an illicit drug at least once during the month prior to being interviewed.

About 54 million Americans in 2002 (nearly 23 percent of the population age 12 or older) said they had participated in binge drinking (5 or more drinks on the same occasion) at least once in the last 30 days. Nearly 16 million said they were heavy drinkers (had 5 or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 5 days during the past month).

Who Is Affected by Alcohol and Drug Use Disorders?

Alcohol and drug use disorders can affect anyone. But those who are particularly vulnerable include people with a co-occurring mental disorder or those who have certain risk factors, including poverty or a family history of alcohol or drug use disorders.

Alcohol and drug use disorders affect not just the people who are in need of treatment, but also their family members (particularly the children of those affected), friends, co-workers, and others who interact with them.

Sources: The National Institute on Drug Abuse, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.