CT Clearinghouse

Alcohol

Alcohol is a depressant that comes from organic sources including grapes, grains and berries. These are fermented or are distilled into a liquid.

Research & Statistics

  • Alcohol and Health: Current EvidenceAlcohol and Health: Current Evidence is a free online newsletter that summarizes the latest clinically relevant research on alcohol and health. Through its summaries and other features, the newsletter aims to highlight alcohol issues and provide valuable information that can be applied in clinical teaching, practice, and research.
  • Alcohol ReportsProvides current information and research findings on problems related to alcohol and alcoholism.
  • Alcohol Research Group - National Alcohol Research Center
  • Alcohol Studies Database - Rutgers University
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)

    BRFSS tracks a variety of health risks in the United States. Users may search for data from interactive databases that provide prevalence data on health risks such as alcohol and tobacco use, and follow trends in behaviors such as binge drinking. Trends and Prevalence data are viewable by state or nationwide. Maps illustrate health risks at national, state and local levels.

  • Data Reports by Topic - SAMHSA
  • ETOH DatabaseA service of the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, ETOH is the most comprehensive online bibliographic database containing over 100,000 records on alcohol abuse and alcoholism.
  • Hospitalization Statistics - CT Department of Public HealthThis site includes summary data & tables for causes of hospitalization, by age grouping & gender. Includes mental disorders.
  • Information on Drugs and Alcohol (IDA)

    The Information about Drugs and Alcohol (IDA) collection provides access to over 100,000, bibliographic abstracts and full text articles and reports which focus on drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, as well as mental health, social marketing and health communication issues.

  • Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)MADD's website includes statistics on the impact of drunk driving.
  • National Center for Statistics and Analysis

    The National Center for Statistics and Analysis of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration features include the State Data System Crash Data Report and the State Traffic Safety Information Website (STSI), a state-by-state profile of traffic safety data and information including: crash statistics, economic costs, legislation status, funding programs, et al.

  • NIAAA Spectrum - Alcohol Research News

    This webzine, published 3 times a year, includes in each issue: feature-length stories, news updates from the field, articles, photo essays, and an interview with an NIAAA staff member or alcohol researcher.

  • NIDA Information for Researchers

    Links to various NIDA publications, including research reports, Addiction Science & Clinical Practice journal, NIDA Notes, and more.

  • PubMedPubMed comprises more than 20 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
  • SAMHSA DataIncludes Emergency Department data, substance abuse facilities data, client level data, population data and more.
  • Societal Costs Of Underage Drinking 10 pages, pdf Published by the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, this study examines the costs resulting from underage drinking - including crime, injury, disease - and compares those costs associated with alcohol sales.
  • The Alcohol Policy Information System (APIS) Database

    A project of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, APIS is an electronic resource that provides authoritative, detailed, and comparable information on alcohol-related policies in the United States, at both State and Federal levels. Designed primarily as a tool for researchers, APIS is intended to encourage and facilitate research on the effects and effectiveness of alcohol-related policies.

  • The Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY) Research ReportsReports focus on youth exposure to alcohol advertising across various media.
  • The Connecticut School Health Surveyhe Connecticut School Health Survey (CSHS) is comprised of the Youth Tobacco Component (YTC) (PDF) and the Youth Behavior Component (YBC) (PDF). These two school surveys have been co-administered since 2005. The YTC is a school-based survey of students in grades 6 - 12, with randomly chosen classrooms within selected schools, and is anonymous and confidential. The YBC is also a school-based survey of students, but only of high-school grades 9 - 12 and it, too, is anonymous and confidential.
  • The Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS) CAS is an ongoing survey of over 14,000 students at 120 four-year colleges in 40 states. The site includes research abstracts, reports, and links to websites related to information about alcohol.
  • The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)NIAAA publishes a number of bulletins, guides, manuals and reports, including Alcohol Alert and the journal Alcohol Research and Health.
  • The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)

    The YRBSS monitors health risk behaviors in youth that contribute to leading causes of death, disability and social problems. Monitored behaviors include: tobacco use, diet, physical activity, alcohol and drug use, sexual behavior, and behaviors that contribute to unintentional injury or violence.

  • Underage Drinking Research Initiative - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism (NIAAA)Includes links to reports and surveys, and lists selected research literature.

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Alcohol is a depressant that comes from organic sources including grapes, grains and berries. These are fermented or are distilled into a liquid. 

Alcohol affects every part of the body. It is carried through the bloodstream to the brain, stomach, internal organs, liver, kidneys, muscles--everywhere. It is absorbed very quickly (as short as 5-10 minutes) and can stay in the body for several hours.

Alcohol affects the central nervous system and brain. It can make users loosen up, relax, and feel more comfortable or can make them more aggressive.

Unfortunately, it also lowers their inhibitions, which can set them up for dangerous or embarrassing behavior. Alcohol is a drug and is only legal for people over the age 21.

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), 2.6 million young people do not know that a person can die of an overdose of alcohol. Alcohol poisoning occurs when a person drinks a large quantity of alcohol in a short amount of time.

A standard drink is:

   One 12-ounce bottle of beer or wine cooler
   One 5-ounce glass of wine
   1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits.

Health Hazards

  • People who begin drinking before the age of 15 are four times more likely to develop alcohol dependence than those who wait until age 21. Each additional year of delayed drinking onset reduces the probability of alcohol dependence by 14 percent.
  • Adolescents who drink heavily assume the same long-term health risks as adults who drink heavily. This means they are at increased risk of developing cirrhosis of the liver, pancreatitis, hemorrhagic stroke, and certain forms of cancer.
  • Adolescents who use alcohol are more likely to become sexually active, which places them at greater risk of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases.
  • One study showed that students diagnosed with alcohol abuse were four times more likely to experience major depression than those without an alcohol problem.
  • Alcohol use among adolescents has been associated with considering planning, attempting, and completing suicide. 

Source: The National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign